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free_software_culture

Free Software Culture

“Free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer”

“Free software” means software that respects users freedom and community.
Roughly, it means that the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price.

Infoanarchism
Copyright

Introduction

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_1.jpg Richard Stallman
Software freedom activist and computer programmer.
Initiator of the GNU Project (1983) Founder of the Free Software Foundation (1985)

GNU
The philosophy behind GNU is to produce software that is non-proprietary.
Anyone can download, modify and redistribute GNU software. The only restriction is that they cannot limit further redistribution.

The 4 freedoms
-You have the freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose.
-You have the freedom to modify the program to suit your needs.
-You have the freedom to redistribute copies, either gratis or for a fee.
-You have the freedom to distribute modified versions of the program, so that the community can benefit from your improvements.

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_3.jpg Linus Torvalds
Software engineer, initiator and main force behind the Linux Kernel (1991) and coordinator of the community-driven project.
Author versus Initiator.

Linux
Operating system using the model of free and opensource software for development and distribution.
Source code may be used, modified, and distributed commercially or non-commercially.



alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_5.jpg Jimmy Walles
(Co-)Founder and main promoter of the online nonprofit encyclopedia Wikipedia (2001).

Wikipedia
Free-access, free content Internet encyclopedia based on the principles of open editing* and a horizontal* (democratic) pursue of truth and knowledge.
Crowdsourcing and Free content movement.

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_7.jpg Lawrence Lessig
Academic and political activist.
Founding board member of Creative Commons(cc). Former board member of the Free Software Foundation, Software Freedom Law Center and the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Creative Commons
Initiators of the “Creative Commons Licenses”.
The right to share, use, and build upon a work that they have created.
CC provides an author flexibility and protects the people who use or redistribute an author's work from concerns of copyright infringement as long as they abide by the conditions that are specified in the license by which the author distributes the work.

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_9.jpg Free Cultural Works
Works or expressions which can be freely studied, applied, copied and/or modified, by anyone, for any purpose. It also describes certain permissible restrictions that respect or protect these essential freedoms.

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_10.jpg Electronic Frontier Foundation
International non-profit digital rights group.
Defends individuals and new technologies from what it considers baseless legal threats, works to expose government malfeasance, provides guidance to the government and courts, organizes political action, supports new technologies which it believes preserve personal freedoms, monitors and challenges potential legislation that it believes would infringe on personal liberties and fair use…

alt.zz.mu_alt_wiki_fs_11.jpg Diaspora
Nonprofit, user-owned, distributed social network based upon the free Diaspora software.
Diaspora consists of a group of independently owned nodes (called pods) which interoperate to form the network.

Licenses

CC0 1.0 Universal
Public Domain
CC Attribution 3.0 Unported
CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
GNU Free Documentation License 1.3
CC Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported
CC Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

free_software_culture.txt · Last modified: 24/11/2015 19:47 (external edit)